Eczema, medically called atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition, which causes the skin to get itchy, red and often loaded with blisters. While atopic dermatitis is more common in children, but it can happen to elders too. It can get worse from time to time, and while there is no definitive cure, treatments can help in reducing further outbreaks and preventing itching. If you are wondering how to treat eczema, we have a guide below that may come in handy.
What are the common symptoms?
The most common symptoms of eczema are dry skin and itching. The itching may get worse at night, and you may find patches on your body, especially around the chest, arms and legs. You may have small blisters or bumps on the skin, which when scratched can cause bleeding. In children, the first signs of eczema appear by the age of 5, and it usually can get better, except for a few flareups periodically. Eczema can impact a child’s sleep, because the itching is more common at night. If home remedies have not worked, you may have to seek professional guidance & treatments from a doctor. A family history of atopic dermatitis could be a reason why a child has the condition. It could be also triggered by an allergy or hay fever, or sometimes, atopic dermatitis can precede these conditions.
Diagnosis and Treatments
In most cases, atopic dermatitis is identified by doctors through a visual physical examination. Early treatment is the best way to manage the symptoms and prevent further flareups. Doctors may recommend creams and ointments that can sooth the skin and reduce itching. Some creams for the treatment do have side effects, so talk to your doctor, and in some cases, antibiotic creams and oral drugs can be recommended to reduce inflammation. An injectable called dupilumab has been recently approved by FDA for treatment in severe cases. Other treatments for atopic dermatitis include wet dressings, and if the patient doesn’t feel better with the standard treatments used topically, doctor may recommend light therapy.
If you have atopic dermatitis, do not shy away from recognizing and admitting the same. It can be managed and doesn’t have to worrisome, as long as you seek medical help early on. Also, if your child is suffering from similar symptoms, take him/her to the doctor to know more if immediate treatment can reduce further inflammation and itching.